Английский язык. Учебник для студентов и аспирантов гуманитарных специальностей вузов. Колыхалова О.А., Макаев В.В.

Английский язык. Учебник для студентов и аспирантов гуманитарных специальностей вузов. Колыхалова О.А., Макаев В.В.

М.: Академия, 1998. — 463 с.

Учебник написан молодыми специалистами в области филологии и педагогики, использующими в своей работе классические принципы дидактики и современные направления в российском и западном университетском образовании. Учебник отражает современные инновационные тенденции в методике преподавания языка, ориентированные на его глубокое и полное изучение. Учебник вовлекает обучаемых в самостоятельную работу и полезен как для занятий под руководством учителя, так и для самостоятельного изучения и совершенствования своих знаний.

  • ОГЛАВЛЕНИЕ
  • BOOK I
  • PART I. WORD POWER (VOCABULARY STUDY)
  • SECTION 1. INTRODUCTION TO WORD POWER (WP) 5
  • SECTION II. WORDS ON WORDS 5
  • SECTION III. EVALUATE YOUR WORD KNOWLEDGE 8
  • SECTION IV. THE WORD IN THE DICTIONARY 9
  • SECTION V. CONNOTATION 12
  • SECTION VI. A STRUCTURAL APPROACH TO WORD STUDY 13
  • SECTION VII. A CONTEXTUAL APPROACH TO WORD STUDY 15
  • SECTION VIII. SEMANTIC FIELDS 17
  • UNIT A: AREAS, SCRIPTS, TOPICS, CATEGORIES 17
  • UNIT B: LANGUAGE OF RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS IN SCIENTIFIC ARTICLES (“Hedging”) 20
  • UNIT C: TERMS USED IN STUDY AND TEST SITUATIONS 21
  • SECTION IX. FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE 21
  • SECTION X. APPNDIX 22
  • UNIT 1: PREFIXES, STEMS, (ROOTS) SUFFIXES 22
  • A: PREFIXES 22
  • В: NUMERICAL PREFIXES USED IN MEASUREMENTS 24
  • C: QUANTITATIVE PREFIXES 24
  • D: STEMS/ROOTS 25
  • E. Suffixes used to form (and sinify) the various parts of speech 29
  • UNIT 2: REFERENCE WORDS AND ABBREVIATIONS 29
  • UNIT 3: VERBS FOR SPECIFIC PURPOSES 32
  • UNIT 4: TERMS USED IN TEXT ANALYSIS 33
  • UNIT 5: THE UNIVERSITY WORD LIST 34
  • PART II. AN APPROACH TO READING
  • SECTION I. INTRODUCTION TO AN APPROACH TO READING 41
  • UNIT 1. VARIETIES OF MEANING 41
  • UNIT 2. WHAT THE WRITER MEANS 42
  • (AND WHAT HE ASSUMES THE READER ALREADY KNOWS) 42
  • SECTION II. DEALING WITH SENTENCE 43
  • UNIT 1. EXERCISES ON SENTENCE PATTERNS 43
  • UNIT 2. COMPLEX. SIMPLE. COMPLEX 50
  • UNIT 3. REGISTER 51
  • UNIT 4. USING RELATIVE PRONOUNS TO FORM COMPLEX SENTENCE 51
  • UNIT 5. STRUCTURES WITH OMISSION 52
  • UNIT 6. THE USES OF PUNCTUATION 53
  • UNIT 7. DISTINGUISHING BETWEEN SIMILAR SENTENCES 53
  • UNIT 8. INDIRECTION: NEGATIVE CONSTRUCTIONS 54
  • UNIT 9. IMPLICATION 56
  • UNIT 10. TYPES OF AMBIGUITY 56
  • UNIT 11. WHAT THE WRITER MEANS BUT FOR SOME REASONS PREFERS NOT TO SAY DIRECTLY 57
  • SECTION III. DEALING WITH PARAGRAPHS 58
  • UNIT 1. COHERENCE 58
  • UNIT 2. OLD AND NEW INFORMATION 60
  • UNIT 3. THE ORDERING OF SENTENCES IN A PARAGRAPH 61
  • SECTION IV. DEALING WITH TEXTS 63
  • UNIT 1. TYPES OF DISCOURSE 63
  • UNIT 2. READING STRATEGIES 64
  • UNIT 3. WHAT TITLES TELL US 65
  • UNIT 4. DIFFERENT WAYS OF PRESENTING INFORMATION 66
  • UNIT 5. TYPES OF SCHOLARLY 68
  • UNIT 6. GENERAL QUESTIONS AND ACTIVITIES THAT CAN (AND SHOULD) BE APPLIED TO ANY TEXT 68
  • UNIT 7. READING/WRITING ABSTRACTS 70
  • UNIT 8. READING/WRITING A SUMMARY 73
  • SECTION V. APPENDIX 74
  • UNIT 1. PARTS OF SPEECH 74
  • UNIT 2. SENTENCE PATTERNS 76
  • UNIT 3. PUNCTUATION 84
  • UNIT 4. THE CONJUNCTIONS OR CONNECTORS OF ENGLISH 86
  • UNIT 5. THE PREPOSITIONS OF ENGLISN 87
  • UNIT 6. COMMON CUES FOR THE READER (Devices That Further Coherence) 91
  • PART III. SHORT TEXTS
  • ANNUAL REPORT ON SPACESHIP EARTH 92
  • «WHAT REALLY MATTERED» 92
  • «WRITING OF WOMEN» 94
  • «TO BE A WOMAN AND A SCHOLAR» 94
  • «FILTERS AGAINST FOLLY» 96
  • CHIMPS EAT CHIMPS 96
  • SIGNS IN THE WILDERNESS 98
  • MIGHTIER THAN THE PEN 100
  • GETTING TO KNOW YOUR SYNCHRONIZED INPUT SHAFT 101
  • WHAT IS A JOURNALIST'S «FACT»? 102
  • AN INTERVIEW WITH JOHN NAISBITT, 103
  • CRIME AND POVERTY 104
  • BANALITY AND TERROR 105
  • TWO ANALOGIES FROM THE NOVELS OF CHINUA ACHEBE 106
  • THE ECONOMETRICS SYSTEM 108
  • SUBSISTENCE ALLOWANCE 110
  • SUBSISTENCE ALLOWANCE 110
  • IT'S ALL GREEK 110
  • THE MYSTERY OF LANGUAGE 111
  • THE TASK OF MODERN PHILOSOPHY 113
  • «PRICING THE PRICELESS CHILD»* 113
  • «THE FRENZY OF RENOWN» 114
  • BOOK II
  • PART IV. LONGER READING
  • LEARNING THE HARD WAY 116
  • MAN OF WISDOM 118
  • JAPANESE EDUCATION 120
  • EDUCATING LAWYERS 124
  • THE GENESIS OF THE MODERN TOY 133
  • HUMANISTIC MEDICINE 135
  • HANDS: A CASE STUDY 137
  • ECOLOGICAL ARMAGEDDON 140
  • WATER, WAR & PEACE 143
  • CLIMATE CHANGE 145
  • LEADERSHIP 151
  • THE ROLE OF ELITES 155
  • ISOLATION 157
  • THE USE AND ABUSE OF DRUGS 160
  • OUTSIDERS 164
  • STUDENT POWER IN MIDDLE AGES 168
  • ARE CRIMINALS MADE OR BORN? 170
  • WHAT IS A HISTORICAL FACT? 175
  • MORALITY AND FOREIGN POLICY 177
  • MORALITY AND FOREIGN POLICY: APPENDIX 179
  • HUMAN MIGRATION: 179
  • INTEGRATING RISK ANALYSIS INTO PUBLIC POLICYMAKING 185
  • EDUCATION AND POLITICAL TOLERANCE 188
  • «A TECHNOLOGY OF BEHAVIOR» 196
  • «HOW PSYCHOLOGY SANCTIONS THE CULT OF THE SELF» 199
  • EXPLAINING REVOLUTIONS IN THE CONTEMPORARY THIRD WORLD 205
  • PART V. EXERCISES ON TEXTS IN PARTS III AND IV 210
  • ANNUAL REPORT ON SPACESHIP EARTH 210
  • CHIMPS EAT CHIMPS, 211
  • SIGNS IN THE WILDERNESS 211
  • MIGHTIER THAN THE PEN 212
  • CRIME AND POVERTY 213
  • BANALITY AND TERROR 213
  • THE TASK OF MODERN PHILOSOPHY 214
  • LEARNING THE HARD WAY 215
  • MAN OF WISDOM 215
  • JAPANESE EDUCATION 216
  • EDUCATING LAWYERS WITH ENVIRONMENTAL SAVVY 218
  • THE GENESIS OF THE MODERN TOY 219
  • HUMANISTIC MEDICINE 221
  • HANDS: A CASE STUDY 222
  • ECOLOGICAL ARMAGEDDON 223
  • WATER, WAR AND PEACE 224
  • LEADERSHIP 225
  • THE ROLE OF ELITES 226
  • ISOLATION 227
  • THE OUTSIDERS 229
  • STUDENT POWER IN THE MIDDLE AGES 230
  • ARE CRIMINALS MADE OR BORN? 232
  • WHAT IS A HISTORICAL FACT? 234
  • MORALITY AND FOREIGN POLICY 237
  • HUMAN MIGRATION 238
  • INTERGRATING RISK ANALYSIS INTO PUBLIC POLICYMAKING 239
  • EDUCATION AND POLITICAL TOLERANCE 240
  • A TECHNOLOGY OF BEHAVIOR 241

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