Грамматика английского языка. Морфология Синтаксис. Кобрина Н.А., Корнеева Е.А. и др.

Грамматика английского языка. Морфология Синтаксис. Кобрина Н.А., Корнеева Е.А. и др.

СПб.: СОЮЗ, 1999. — 496 с.

Пособие представляет собой второе дополненное и переработанное издание ранее изданного курса практической грамматики в двух частях — Морфология (М., Просвещение, 1985) и Синтаксис (М., Просвещение, 1986).

Пособие было допущено Министерством просвещения СССР в качестве учебного пособия для студентов педагогических институтов по специальности №2103 "Иностранные языки".

  • Содержание
  • MORPHOLOGY
  • PARTS OF SPEECH 4
  • THE VERB 4
  • Formation of verb categories 5
  • Morphological composition 5
  • Basic verb forms 5
  • Regular and irregular verbs 5
  • The category of tense 14
  • The category of aspect 14
  • The category of perfect 16
  • Present tenses 18
  • Past tenses 29
  • Future tenses 38
  • Future in the past tenses 42
  • The sequence of tenses 43
  • The category of voice 46
  • The category of mood 54
  • NON-FINITE FORMS OF THE VERB (VERBALS) 70
  • The Infinitive 70
  • Predicative constructions with the infinitive 85
  • The for-to-infinitive construction 85
  • The objective with the infinitive construction 86
  • The gerund 88
  • The gerund and the infinitive compared 95
  • The gerund and the verbal noun compared 97
  • The participle 98
  • MODAL VERBS 114
  • Can 114
  • May 117
  • Must 120
  • To have to, have got to 122
  • To be to 123
  • Need 125
  • Ought to 126
  • Should 127
  • Shall 128
  • Will 129
  • Dare 131
  • THE NOUN 132
  • Semantic characteristics 132
  • Morphological composition 133
  • Morphological characteristics 134
  • The category of number 135
  • The category of case 144
  • THE ARTICLE 147
  • The use of the indefinite article 149
  • The use of the definite article 151
  • Absence of the article 155
  • THE ADJECTIVE 162
  • Semantic characteristics 162
  • Morphological composition 163
  • Morphological characteristics 164
  • Adjectives of participial origin 166
  • Adjectives and adverbs 166
  • Patterns of combinability 166
  • Syntactic functions 168
  • Substantivized adjectives 168
  • THE PRONOUN 169
  • Morphological composition and categorical characteristics 170
  • Subclasses of pronouns and their functions 170
  • THE NUMERAL 182
  • Morphological composition 183
  • Morphological characteristics 184
  • Patterns of combinability 184
  • Syntactic function 186
  • Substantivized numerals 187
  • THE STATIVE 187
  • Morphological characteristics 188
  • Syntactic function 188
  • THE ADVERB 189
  • Morphological composition 190
  • Morphological characteristics 190
  • Semantic characteristics 192
  • Syntactic functions and patterns of combinability 192
  • Positional characteristics 194
  • MODAL WORDS 194
  • THE PREPOSITION 195
  • Morphological composition 196
  • Semantic characteristics 196
  • Combinability of prepositions 198
  • Positional characteristics 198
  • THE CONJUNCTION 199
  • Morphological composition 200
  • Semantic characteristics 200
  • Combinability of conjunctions and their functions 201
  • THE CONJUNCTS 203
  • THE PARTICLE 205
  • THE INTERJECTION 206
  • SYNTAX
  • THE SENTENCE 207
  • Structural classification of sentences 208
  • THE SIMPLE SENTENCE 209
  • Two-member sentences 209
  • One-member sentences 209
  • Elliptical (incomplete) sentences 210
  • COMMUNICATIVE TYPES OF SENTENCES 211
  • Declarative sentences 211
  • Interrogative sentences 212
  • Imperative sentences 216
  • Exclamatory sentences 218
  • NON-SENTENCE UTTERANCES 219
  • NEGATION 220
  • PARTS OF THE SENTENCE 224
  • Ways of expressing parts of the sentence 224
  • Levels of syntactical analysis 227
  • The subject 228
  • The predicate 233
  • Structural classification of the predicate 233
  • The simple predicate 233
  • The compound predicate 235
  • Agreement of the predicate with the subject 243
  • The object 249
  • Ways of expressing the object 249
  • Types of object 250
  • Objects to adjectives 256
  • Objects to statives 257
  • Objects to adverbs 257
  • The attribute 257
  • Ways of expressing attributes 257
  • The position of attributes 261
  • Types of connection between an attribute and its headword 262
  • The apposition 263
  • Types of connection between an apposition and its headword 264
  • The adverbial modifier 265
  • Obligatory and non-obligatory adverbial modifiers 265
  • Detached adverbial modifiers 266
  • Ways of expressing adverbial modifiers 267
  • Structural classification of the adverbial modifier 268
  • Semantic characteristics of the adverbial modifier 269
  • Semantic classes of adverbial modifiers 269
  • Independent elements of the sentence 274
  • WORD ORDER 276
  • The grammatical function of word order 276
  • The emphatic and communicative functions of word order 280
  • The linking function of word order 282
  • THE PREDICATIVE COMPLEXES 282
  • The subjective predicative constructions 284
  • The objective predicative constructions 286
  • The absolute nominative constructions 291
  • The for-to-infinitive constructions 294
  • The gerundial predicative constructions 295
  • THE COMPOSITE SENTENCE 296
  • THE COMPOUND SENTENCE 297
  • THE COMPLEX SENTENCE 301
  • Formal indicators of subordination (connectors) 301
  • Functional classification of subordinate clauses 304
  • The complex sentence with nominal clauses 304
  • The complex sentence with an attributive clause 309
  • The complex sentence with an adverbial clause 312
  • The complex sentence with an adverbial clause of place 313
  • The complex sentence with an adverbial clause of time 313
  • The complex sentence with an adverbial clause of manner 315
  • The complex sentence with an adverbial clause of comparison 315
  • The complex sentence with an adverbial clause of condition 316
  • The complex sentence with an adverbial clause of concession 319
  • The complex sentence with an adverbial clause of purpose 321
  • The complex sentence with an adverbial clause of cause 321
  • The complex sentence with an adverbial clause of result (consequence) 322
  • The complex sentence with mutually subordinated clauses 323
  • Pseudo-complex sentences 324
  • Appended clauses (повторы с уточнением) 325
  • Absolute (or indendent) subordinate clauses 325
  • Parenthetical clauses (parentheses) 326
  • INDIRECT SPEECH 326
  • APPENDIX I. SOME WAYS OF SENTENCE EXTENSION 329
  • APPENDIX II. SOME SPECIAL DIFFICULTIES OF ANALYSIS 333
  • APPENDIX III. SUGGESTED WAYS OF SENTENCE ANALYSIS 335

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